Brexit concerns over medicines, EU workers and the poor

A report by Public Health Wales says recruitment of health workers and supply of medicines are key concerns for Wales after Brexit.

The BBC says the report highlights how the health of the poorest, those with lower educational qualifications, and those working in agriculture and manufacturing could also be exposed. It called for those needing health and social care to be key considerations in a Brexit agreement.

The UK is due to leave the EU on March 29th.

Public Health Wales has compiled a wide ranging impact assessment of the potential consequences of any form of Brexit.

Assessing the impact of any policy on health in Wales is a core part of Public Health Wales’ responsibilities and will soon become a legal duty.

In analysing the potential risks for Wales, the report looks at how access to medicines and health and social care staff from the EU could be affected. Just over 2% of NHS staff in Wales are from the EU and the warning echoes one made by the Welsh NHS Confederation last year.

Uncertainties over exactly what will happen make it really difficult to accurately predict any potential impact. But Public Health Wales said it has a responsibility to think about all eventualities. Unsurprisingly their latest analysis is very broad and could turn out to be imprecise. For example, the report says Brexit might lead to a reduction in smoking and drinking if goods become more expensive and people are have less money to spend. However, if people are uncertain and stressed about the future the opposite might happen.

The report says Brexit could have some damaging and significant short-term effects, for example on staffing and the supply of new drugs. But it also points out there could be benefits. For example, the UK and Wales could make bespoke and stronger policies in public health and agriculture as a result of having to leave the EU.

For now, Public Health Wales says the focus is to plan to mitigate any risks. But beyond that there needs to be a lot of research to address the “significant evidence gaps” about what exactly might happen.

The report says Brexit does give an opportunity to make positive change but “requires that the health of vulnerable individuals and communities is a central consideration in how Brexit is resolved.”

Concerns include:

  • Reduced or delayed access to new medicines, clinical trials and devices
  • Impacts on the recruitment and retention of workers in the health and social care sector
  • Loss or reduced access to future EU funding for research and development

Prof Mark Bellis, Public Health Wales director of policy and research, called for the health of the poorest people in Wales to be “paramount” in any Brexit agreement. He said “Especially the health of those who are vulnerable to ill health through their reliance of health care, low levels of income or employment in sectors at risk through the Brexit process. Changes in the prosperity of Wales will fall hardest on such individuals and communities.”

He said the report was not a “road map through Brexit” but “a check list for those navigating the process to ensure that the health and well-being of the people of Wales is considered at every juncture.”

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