Novel insight into chromosome 21 and its effect on Down syndrome

Scientists have identified specific regions of chromosome 21 which cause problems in memory and decision making in mice with Down’s syndrome. They say it is the first time the areas have been determined – and suggest the findings may provide new insight into the condition in humans. Most people have forty six chromosomes, which carry … Continue reading Novel insight into chromosome 21 and its effect on Down syndrome

Study looks at why some patients remain cancer free

Eminent philanthropist and three times cancer survivor Dr James Hull has joined forces with six universities to investigate why cancer returns in some people and not others. Focusing on people who have had successful treatment of advanced cancer and in whom the cancer has not reoccurred for at least five years, Swansea University says its … Continue reading Study looks at why some patients remain cancer free

Discovery of new T-cell raises prospect of “universal” cancer therapy

Researchers at Cardiff University have discovered a new type of killer T-cell that offers hope of a “one-size-fits-all” cancer therapy. T-cell therapies for cancer, where immune cells are removed, modified and returned to the patient’s blood to seek and destroy cancer cells, are the latest paradigm in cancer treatments. The most widely used therapy, known … Continue reading Discovery of new T-cell raises prospect of “universal” cancer therapy

Depression in pregnancy alters male babies’ behaviour, but mothers don’t notice

Women who have symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy do not report concerns with their infant sons’ behaviour, but do with their daughters, according to a Cardiff University study. As many as one in four women experience depression and/or anxiety in pregnancy and evidence suggests it can increase the risk of emotional and behavioural … Continue reading Depression in pregnancy alters male babies’ behaviour, but mothers don’t notice

£2m trial looking at better use of antibiotics in sepsis

Cardiff University’s Centre for Trials Research is to coordinate a trial looking at use of antibiotics in sepsis. Sepsis is a potentially life threatening complication of an infection and it is estimated that fifty two thousand people in the UK die every year as a result of it. Optimal treatment includes early recognition, prompt antibiotics … Continue reading £2m trial looking at better use of antibiotics in sepsis

Zebrafish discovery gives an insight into human hearing disorders

A study of the genetic make up of zebrafish has provided brand new insights into the cause of congenital hearing disorders in humans. Cardiff University reports its scientists were part of a team that identified how specific genes can dictate the patterns of the tiny cells, called hair cells, within our ears that allow us … Continue reading Zebrafish discovery gives an insight into human hearing disorders

Genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease linked to highly active brains

A growing body of evidence supports the theory that neural hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity precede the pathological changes that lead to neurodegeneration. There are approximately 5.6 million people over the age of sixty five living with Alzheimer’s disease in the US. With an ageing population, this number is projected to rise to 7.1 million by 2025. … Continue reading Genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease linked to highly active brains

Research finds psychotic experiences are quite common

Psychosis, also called a psychotic experience or episode, is when someone perceives or interprets reality differently to the people around them. This could involve seeing or hearing something that turned out not to exist or thinking something was happening that no one else noticed. It’s estimated that around 5-10% of people will have a psychotic … Continue reading Research finds psychotic experiences are quite common

Almost half of 11 to 16 year olds in Wales say they’ve gambled recently

The study, carried out by academics from Cardiff University, found 41% of eleven to sixteen year olds had taken part in some sort of gambling within the previous twelve months. The Guardian reports fruit machines were the most popular form of gambling, followed by playing cards for money with friends and buying scratch cards. The … Continue reading Almost half of 11 to 16 year olds in Wales say they’ve gambled recently

Deleted gene linked to autism and schizophrenia

Scientists have identified a specific gene they believe could be a key player in the changes in brain structure seen in several conditions, such as schizophrenia and autism. Cardiff University says the team from its Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute found that the deletion of the gene CYFIP1 leads to thinning of the insulation … Continue reading Deleted gene linked to autism and schizophrenia

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