Connshing syndrome named as new cause of hypertension

Research led by scientists at the University of Birmingham, in collaboration with colleagues in Germany, has revealed a new cause of hypertension which could lead to major changes in managing the condition (University of Birmingham, 2017).

Hypertension often goes unnoticed, but if left untreated can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Studies estimate that one in four adults have hypertension, but most people have no identifiable cause for it. However, it is known that in up to 10% of hypertensive people the overproduction of the adrenal hormone aldosterone, a condition known as primary aldosteronism or Conn syndrome, is the cause of disease.

The study, published in JCI Insight, has, for the first time, made the important discovery that a large number of patients with Conn syndrome do not only overproduce aldosterone but also the stress hormone cortisol.

Professor Wiebke Arlt, Director of the Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research (IMSR) at the University of Birmingham, said “Our findings show that the adrenal glands of many patients with Conn syndrome also produce too much cortisol, which finally explains puzzling results of previous studies in Conn patients.

These previous studies had found increased rates of type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis and depression in Conn patients – problems typically caused by overproduction of cortisol, also termed Cushing syndrome, and not by too much aldosterone.”

The authors of the study decided to name this new cause of hypertension, the combined overproduction of aldosterone and cortisol, as Connshing syndrome.

At present, many Conn syndrome patients are treated with drugs that are directed against the adverse effects of aldosterone. However, this leaves the cortisol excess untreated.

The second author of the study, Dr Katharina Lang, an academic clinical lecturer at IMSR, said “These findings are very likely to change clinical practice. Patients will now need to undergo more detailed assessment to clarify whether they suffer from Conn or Connshing syndrome.

“Previously, patients with Conn syndrome were never assessed for the overproduction of other hormones but this will now change thanks to the results of this study. Also, researchers now will need to investigate whether treating the Connshing patients with an additional drug, which counteracts the cortisol excess, will improve their health outcomes.”

Free WordPress Themes, Free Android Games